Early childhood education (ECD) is the level of education prior to primary education, which is a development effort aimed at children from birth to the age of six years through the provision of educational stimulation to assist the growth and development of mind and body so that children have the readiness to enter further education, which was held in formal, non-formal, and informal.
Early childhood education is a form of education that focuses on laying the foundation toward the growth and physical development (fine and gross motor coordination), intellect (the intellect, creativity, emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence), socio-emotional (attitude and behavior and religious) language and communication, according to the uniqueness and developmental stages through which early childhood.
There are two purpose of the early childhood education that is:
The main purpose: to create a quality of Indonesian children, the children grow and develop in accordance with the level of development that has an optimal readiness in entering basic education and through life in adulthood. Comorbid purpose: to help prepare children achieve learning readiness (academic) at the school.
The range of early childhood according to Article 28 of the Education Law No.20/2003 paragraph 1 is 0-6 years. Meanwhile, according to the science of early childhood and family studies its implementation in some countries, early childhood implemented since the age of 0-8 years.
Scope of Early Childhood Education
Infant (0-1 years)
Toddler (2-3 years)
Preschool / Kindergarten children (3-6 years)
Early Primary School (SD First Class) (6-8 years)